In the northern most region of Henan, Anyang borders the Taihang Mountains to the west and China's northern plains to the east. Covering 7,354 square kilometers, Anyang is home to 5,172,834 residents and enjoys a continental monsoon climate, providing distinct seasons and comfortable weather year round.
With the Huanshui River flowing through it, the city's natural beauty abounds with scenic sites including the Xiaonanhai, the Pearl Spring Scenic Area and the Taihang Great Valley. Taihang, in particular, attracts visitors from home and abroad who often come to enjoy the exhilarating sports of sky diving and hang-gliding. Another famous attraction is the Hongqi ("Red Flag") Canal. This manmade waterway has been laurelled as the "Eighth Wonder of the World."
Historically speaking, Anyang is one of the eight ancient Chinese capitals. In 1300 BC, Pangeng, the 20th Shang Emperor, founded this venerable city. In those ancient times, some 3,000 years ago, an early agricultural economy was developed, establishing Anyang as a thriving metropolis. The city went on to be the home of Youlicheng, China's ancient prison and the site where the iconic I Ching was written. Yue Fei Temple, in honor of the courageous Song Dynasty general, is also found here, along with the world-famous Yin Ruins, where numerous Shang Dynasty relics are on display.
In 1899 several ancient relics were discovered in Anyang. Dating back to the Shang Dynasty, these ruins are now preserved in the Yin Ruins Museum. This location is considered the birthplace of Chinese archeology...
The Hongqi Canal is a monument to the industry and ingenuity of the Linzhou people. In keeping with Mao's belief that "it is the people that are the creator of the world," the Canal was build under the auspices of the traditional Chinese virtues of co-operation, solidarity, creativity and sacrifice.
The Yue Fei Temple was rebuilt in 1450 AD during the Ming Dynasty, though its original construction date is still uncertain. This monument to Yue Fei, a Chinese national hero, remains remarkably well preserved.
As one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization, Puyang's geographical location was of strategic and political importance since antiquity. Thus, this town inevitably came to house many crucial relics from the Nation's history.
Situated in the open fields between the You and Tang Rivers, Youlicheng was China's first national prison. This historic facility is where Emperor Wenwang (AKA King Jichang) of the Zhou Dynasty wrote the iconic The Book of Changes (The I Ching)