Located between the Yellow River and the Taihang Mountains, Xinxiang is an ideal tourist destination. Providing relaxation and enchantment with its abundant natural scenery, travellers often visit Xinxiang's rural splendor, enjoying local mountain regions and taking refuge in its quaint cottages. Covering thousands of square kilometers, the southern Taihang Mountains present a natural expanse of waterfalls, streams, peaks and verdant woods. Meanwhile the mighty Yellow River winds through Xinxiang with grassy banks and shadowy forests lining its ever-flourishing shores year round. "
In addition to its bountiful ecological wonders, Xinxiang offers many cultural points of interest, including the Mausoleum of Prince Lu and the Temple of Bi Gan. Arts and entertainment aficionados do well when opting the Henan Opera, or simply enjoying Xinxiang's many traditional folk customs. Regional culinary specialties also abound, providing ample savory dishes such as: pot-cooked pork, Simahuai chicken, fried fish with sweet sauce, Changyuan deep-fried dough sticks with eggs, red braised mutton and Yuanyang Rice."
Historically, Xinxiang represents extraordinarily diverse cultural roots. With traces of human inhabitants dating back to 6,000 BC, the Chinese regard this city as one of the "cradles" of their civilization. The site of several notable historic events, Xinxiang bore witness to the conflict and warfare of the Warring States period and of the Han Dynasty. During the Shang Dynasty, Xinxiang was the site of the Muye Battle, during which King Zhou was driven to self-immolation. As for the name of this ancient city, Xinxiang has undergone several iterations. First named Yong State in the 6th century AD, the city was ruled under two separate kingdoms during the Spring and Autumn Period as well as the Warring States Period. Then, during the Han Dynasty, the city was renamed Huojia State until the year 586 AD, when the Sui Dynasty established Xinxiang's current moniker.
Xinxiang is known for the many historical luminaries either born in the city or having notable associations to it. Among Xinxiang's celebrities, ancient and modern, are:
• Jiang Shang: Zhou Dynasty Minister of King Wu
• Bi Gan: Shang Dynasty Minister of King Zhou
• Prince Lu Jian: 4th son of Ming Dynasty Emperor Muzong
• Li Bai: acclaimed romantic poet of the Tang Dynasty
• Su Shi: poet, painter, statesman and scientist during the Southern Song Dynasty
• General Yue Fei: Patriot and national hero from the Southern Song Dynasty
• The Qianlong Emperor: Emperor of the Qing Dynasty
• Yuan Shikai: the first President of the Republic of China
• Xu Shichang: the fifth President of the Republic of China.
Covering 42 square kilometers, Baligou Scenic Area rests at the south foot of the Taihang Mountains. It is 50 kilometers away from Xinxiang City and 25 kilometers from Huixian city. As the soul of the Taihang Mountains, this Scenic Area is said to embody the qualities of several prominent mountain ranges: the precipitousness of Huashan, the majesty of Taishan, the quiet of Qingcheng and the charm of Huangshan.
Two and a half kilometers northwest of Huixian City, the Baiquan Scenic Area is composed of Sumen Mountain and Baiquan Lake. Reflected, one in the other, these two spectacular sights combine to make this Scenic Area a delight for visitors. Baiquan Lake, "The Lake of 100 Springs," is situated at the foot of Sumen Mountain.
Honoring 5,000 years of Chinese civilization, the Jinghua Park Scenic Area displays the interconnected culture and history of China's many nationalities. The landscape of the Scenic Area is arranged according to nationality and geography, providing visitors an illuminative experience of the rich and varied Middle Kingdom cultures.
The largest and best preserved mausoleum of the Ming Dynasty, the Mausoleum of Prince Lu is the grave of Lu Jian. The 4th son of Emperor Muzong, Prince Lu was entombed here during the early 17th century along with his second concubine, Zhao.
Known as "history's most faithful minister," Bi Gan's courage and honor have been the stuff of legend since his loyal service to his cruel and unstable emperor, King Zhou of Shang. While Zhou's other advisors fled, Bi Gan refused to abandon his post.