Situated in the south of Henan Province, Xinyang City, one of the birthplaces of the Chinese civilization, boasts of its over 8,000-year history and outstanding talents that lend enormous glory to this wonderful land. Among its beautiful mountains and waters, the Jigongshan Mountain, a state-level scenic and historic area, ranks as one of the top four summer resorts nationwide.
Nanwan Lake scenic spot, a state-level forest park, is widely reputed as a gem in the south of Henan Province. Located in the center of Shihe District, it is the earliest flood control project of Huai River. Along the upper reaches of the river are attractions like the Longtan Waterfall and the Wuzuoyun Mountain. Among others, Xinyang Maojian Tea, a treasure of Chinese tea, is grown and processed here. In addition, there are historical sites such as the Lingshan Temple, the Jingju Temple and memorial sites of revolutionary history such as the Capital Museum of of E-Yu-Wan Area in Xinxian County, the Capital Cemetery of Revolutionary Martyrs of E-Yu-Wan Area and the Birthplace of General Xu Shiyou. No wonder tourists all over the world flock to the place every year.
As early as over 8,000 years ago, there had emerged primitive agricultural activities in this ancient city. Along the Huai River are scattered cultural sites as Peiligang Cultural Remains, Longshan Cultural Remains and Qujialing Cultural Remains and so on. As a celebrated cultural city, many famous talents were born and grew up here. Sun Shuao, a prime minister of Chu Kingdom in the Period of Warring States, promoted the cultivation and water conservancy so that Chu had become a state of fabulous wealth at that time. He designed the earliest large-scale flood control project in ancient China. Chen Yuanguang and Wang Shenzhi, both born in Gushi County were regarded as pioneers in the places of Taiwan and Fujian Province for their contributions to spread the civilization of Central Plains. He Jingming, a literary giant in the Ming Dynasty, was the representative of seven litterateurs (called "Former Seven" by people).
Xinyang is located between central plains and Jianghan plain, and between the drainage areas of the Huai River and Changjiang River. Considering its geographical position, Xinyang is a strategic point for the control of the above-mentioned areas. Crossing from south to north are the Jing-Guang and the Jing-Jiu Railways, the No.106, the No.107 State Highways and the Jing-Zhu Express way. Ning-Xi Railway, the No.312 State Highway and the Xin-Ye Highways extend from east to west. All these communication lines have formed a network shaped like a double intersection with two communication hubs, Xinyang City and Huangchuan County. As a result, its importance in communications has brought Xinyang to a key city in Henan as well as the whole country.
Located in the transitional area between the subtropical zone and warm temperate zone, Xinyang has moderate temperature, adequate rainfalls and demarcated seasons. With the annual average temperature of 15.1°C, the place has a reputation of a Land of Fish and Rice. The rice and wheat here is particularly commendable and therefore any tourist, no matter whether he is in a hotel or a local residence could have access to the fresh, tasty and glutinous rice. Xinyang has a large output of chubs and carps. The famous dishes such as Braised Fish, Carp with Noodles in Sweet and Sour Sauce are made out of them.
On the west bank of the upper reaches of Lianyushan Reservoir, 15km southwest of Shancheng County and in the Dabieshan region, lies the famous attraction which is noted for its magic healing effects of spring water.