From its humble beginnings as a tribal Xu settlement, Xuchang rose to prominence during the Eastern Han Dynasty. It was here that the warlord Cao Cao, in 198 AD, staged his imperial ascension. Established as the political, economic and cultural center of northern China, Xuxhang has since garnered acclaim as one of the "birthplaces of Chinese civilization." The city's historical relevance is belied by its long list of historical luminaries, which include several dynastic prime ministers, notable thinkers, artists, and venerable civic leaders. Among everyday peoples, the region is understood as the origin of several Chinese bloodlines, including Xu, Chen, Zhong, and Fang surnames. "
Today over 4.3 million people call this central Henan city home. 80 kilometers south of Zhengzhou, Xuchang City covers an area of 4,996 square kilometers, with Yuzhou City, Yanling County, Xiangcheng County, and Weidu District under its administration."
Visitors to Xuchang discover relics and resources from the "Three Kingdoms" era of Chinese history, as depicted in the ancient Chinese literary classic, A Romance of Three Kingdoms. In the Kingdom of Cao Wei, between 196 and 221 AD, Cao Cao and his descendants ruled from Xuchang, leaving remarkable places of interest and cultural artifacts. Known worldwide as one of the preeminent cities on the Three Kingdoms tourism route, visitors frequent renowned Xuchang attractions: the Baling Bridge and the Tower of Spring and Autumn.
In terms of natural resources, Xuchang's Yanling region prides itself on its 1,000-year history of botanical cultivation. Often referred to as "the birthplace of Chinese flowers and plants," Yanling's horticultural area covers over 26,000 hectares. Guests of this county find natural splendor and rejuvenation at Yanling's two main attractions: the Huadu Spring Holiday Area and the National Exposition Garden of Flowers and Plants. Acclaimed for its healthful attributes, Yanling's spas invigorate visitors with the rare and plentiful elemental composition of the local water.
Known as "history's most faithful minister," Bi Gan's courage and honor have been the stuff of legend since his loyal service to his cruel and unstable emperor, King Zhou of Shang. While Zhou's other advisors fled, Bi Gan refused to abandon his post.
Three Kingdoms lore tells the tale of the warlord Cao Cao's honorable exchange with the general Guan Yu, the brother of his rival, Liu Bei. As Cao Cao defeated Liu Bei in battle, he took captive Lui Bei's two wives and Guan Yu.
There's a Chinese saying, "gold has price, Jun Porcelain is priceless." This age old craft has been time honored and passed on from its Dynastic origins. The unique kiln change process "magically" produces the iconic Jun glow of brilliantly intermixed colors.
The legendary Three Kingdoms warlord, Cao Cao, defeated his rival, Liu Bei, at the battle of Xiapi. Liu Bei's wives and brother, Guan Yu, were taken captive there. Yet, despite their engagement as combatants on the battlefield, Cao Cao admired Guan Yu's character and ability.
Beginning in the Tang Dynasty, Yanling County has fostered an earnest and devoted tradition of horticultural cultivation. Thriving through many eras, these traditional practices peaked during the Ming and Qing Dynasties due in large part to the ideal geographical and climate features of the region.